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06 Korea Biobank Project
(KBP)

「Korea Biobank Project」 is a biobank project that supports Korea’s healthcare R&D by collecting, managing, and distributing human bioresources which will be used as valuable research materials for future health and medical care.

Background

  • “Human Bioresources” the key to the success in future precision medicine
    Entering the post-genomic era, genomic analysis techniques are rapidly advancing. As a result, precision medicine of the 21st century is practice differently depending on the race and individual. We can now predict diseases and establish their causes at the molecular level by analyzing genes that lead to diseases. The whole world knows that the keys to the success in precision medicine are human bioresources and biobanks. Competition to secure human bioresources has been intensifying in the healthcare industry of the 21st century
    “Human Bioresources” refer to human blood, tissues, cells, body fluids, and their subsets and derivatives, which include serum, plasma, DNA (excluding stem cells, also applying henceforth), genomic data obtained through their analyses, as well as associated clinical and epidemiological data.
    “Biobank” is an organization that collects and manages human bioresources and distributes them to researchers.
  • An efficient management system is required to secure and utilize human bioresources
    With rapidly developing analysis techniques and large-scale research, an efficient system to secure and supply human biological resources has become necessary. Additionally, the Bioethics and Safety Act (2004) and the Act on the Acquisition, Management, and Utilization of Bio-Resources for Research (2009) were enacted to promote ethical considerations and facilitate research outcomes. It has thus become necessary to secure a high quality human bioresources management system.

Overview

The Korea Biobank Project, a key project of the Division of Biobank for Health Science(National Biobank of Korea), supports Korea’s healthcare R&D. The National Biobank of Korea collects and manages human bioresources for use in future healthcare and medicine research, and distributes them to researchers.
In order to secure human bioresources, the National Biobank of Korea, 17 regional biobanks in colleges, and two KBN-collaborative hospitals have been operating the Korea Biobank Network since 2008.

Operation of Korea Biobank Network(KBN)

Population-based Human bioresources
Korean Genome and Epidemlology Study, Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Study, Communicable Diseases Research, etc.
Next
Blood, Urine, etc.
National Biobank of Korea
Disease-based Human bioresources
Patient
Next
Blood, Tissue, etc.
Regional Biobanks and KBN Collaborative Biobnks KBN Distribution
  • Hospital
  • University
  • National and private Research Institute
  • Healthcare Industry

The Korea Biobank Network has colloected human bioresources from 852,769 people and distributed them to 2,706 research projects. As a result, a total 1,062 academic papers have been published.(As of the end of December 2018)

Distribution of human bioresources

Distribution of Human Bioresources
Eligible
organization
(in Korea)
A research project that is conducted for public interest, funded as a national development intiative and conducted by national organizations, government-funded institutions, and/or private research centers may gain distribution access to human biospecimens
* Currently Korean researchers living in Korea can apply for human bioresource distribution.
Required
documents
Distribution application, written pledge, reserch plan, assessment by the Institutional Review Board, and other related documents
Types of human
bioresources
to be provided
National Biobank of Korea (NBK) : DNA, LCL, LCL-DNA, Serum, Plasma
Regional Biobank : Serum, Plasma, Buffy coat, Tissue, etc.

The types of human biospecimens available for distribution my differ according to the disease from which they are collected.

Costs for human
bioresource
distribution
The National Biobank of Korea Provides distribution free of charge, while, in accordance with the Bioethics and Safety Acct, the 17 Regional Biobanks may request costs to cover preservation and provision of human bioresources.
Procedure for
human bioresource
distribution
Researcher
Distribution Desk of the Korea Biobank Network
  1. Searching of human bioresources
  2. Selection of human bioresources
  3. Online subw... of application docments
Biobank
  1. 1. Submission of application to a biobank in possossion of distribution human bioresource
  2. 2. Distribution review
  3. 3. No distribution and Distribution of human bioresources
Researcher
Regional of research result Experlment and research
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